The UAA was founded in August 1990 in Fukuoka, Japan. Its main objective is to promote Urology in Asia and to improve the care of Urology patients in the region, which has 60% of the world's population. Originally an association of individual members, it was restructured to become an association of member associations so as to achieve its goals in more cost effective ways. However, a decision has recently been taken to again initiate individual membership in order to promote a sense of belonging among the members. Currently, the UAA has 25 member associations and one affiliated member and welcomes more member associations to join.

Apart from the Asian Congress of Urology (ACU) which is now held annually, the UAA helps to run various workshops and seminars in the region. This is done through the Asian School of Urology (ASU) and the affiliated subspecialty societies, the Asian Society of Endourology, the Asian Society of Female Urology, the Asian Association for Urinary infections and STDs and the Asian Society of Uro-oncology.

The UAA also publishes a newsletter 'Asian Urology' with balanced features of urological news, association business meetings, conferences and scientific articles by urologists in the region.

The UAA works closely with International urological bodies such as the International Consultations on Urological Diseases (ICUD), the Society International Urology (SIU), The American Urological Association, The European Association of Urology, the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the Urological Society of Australasia.

Over the past 20 years, the UAA has gained international recognition of its modest achievements with the support of all its members and the executive committee. It looks forward to more important tasks ahead to achieve its objective of bringing better urological care to patients in Asia.